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Catalogue: GRDC Research Summaries
The importation and testing of wheat developed at International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT) in Mexico, has had substantial benefits to the Australian grains industry through increased yield, improved disease resistance, and enhanced genetic diversity... CIMMYT will coordinate the yearly shipment to Australia of materials developed under this project and those materials developed under other GRDC projects including selections made by Australian breeders in Obregon, Mexico... CIMMYT will make available the associated data to a coordinator in Australia for further distribution to Australian breeding programs...
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Catalogue: Ground Cover
Almost half of today's global wheat-growing area is planted with varieties derived from research within the international agricultural research system - primarily CIMMYT, with support also from the International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA)... An analysis of the pedigrees of 4604 wheat varieties released worldwide from 1994 to 2014 showed 63 per cent featured genetic contributions from the breeding research of CIMMYT and ICARDA... In South Asia - home to more than 300 million people categorised as undernourished and whose inhabitants consume more than 100 million tonnes of wheat a year - 92 per cent of wheat varieties carry CIMMYT or ICARDA ancestry...
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Catalogue: Ground Cover
A new wheat research agreement between ICARDA, based in Syria, and CIMMYT, based in Mexico, will help consolidate the collection and use of wheat progenitors from the 'cradle of agriculture' - Central and West Asia and North Africa (CWANA) - that can provide novel genetic traits including rust resistance... The ICARDA/CIMMYT Wheat Improvement Program (ICWIP) is headed by Dr Sanjaya Rajaram, who joined ICARDA in 2005 after spending 34 years at CIMMYT, where he took over as head of the wheat breeding program from the Nobel Laureate Dr Norman Borlaug... The gene banks at both ICARDA and CIMMYT, which Australian breeders use, are also undergoing maintenance as part of ICWIP. Dr Rajaram is keen to upgrade the collection of progenitor grasses obtained from the CWANA region, as it contains wide genetic diversity that breeders can use to improve spring, facultative and winter bread wheat, and durum...
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Catalogue: GRDC Final Reports
Each year, throughout the life of the project, a coordinated set of International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT) spring bread wheat germplasm has been introduced, quarantined, increased and distributed to nominated programs in Australia... Additional benefits include: 1) importation of a targeted set of lines, selected from across all CIMMYT International Nurseries (IN); 2) arranging selection of entry sets from the candidates for the IN, thereby reducing delivery time by one year; 3) providing CIMMYT breeders' data for all lines imported under this project; and 4) on-line access to project data and CIMMYT pedigrees... The primary objective of this project was to coordinate the introduction of spring bread wheat from CIMMYT into Australia...
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Catalogue: GRDC Final Reports
Under this suite of projects, UQ00040 was responsible for the collation, storage and dissemination of data and other information related to the introduction and testing of CIMMYT bread wheat germplasm in Australia... Information is now disseminated rapidly to all partner organisations, meaning that this information can be used to help direct breeding, selection and research decisions as soon as possible after the data are generated by the project or the project partners in Australia and CIMMYT... In October, during the project meeting at Cobbitty, the UQ presentation highlighted how the project's expectation to increase efficiency and cooperation between the breeding programs in Australia and CIMMYT is being achieved through the CAGE website...
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Catalogue: GRDC Final Reports
Studies within the project have shown that some of the newly identified slow rusting genes have pleiotropic effects on multiple diseases... In the first phase of this project, this partnership led to the cloning of the first adult plant resistance gene, Lr34/Yr18/Pm38 and the development of a gene-based molecular marker that is routinely being used by many breeding programs worldwide... In 2012, Australian wheat, durum and triticale varieties were also evaluated for stripe rust, as well as for leaf rust in Mexico with prevalent races that constitute an important threat to wheat production if introduced to Australia...
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Catalogue: Ground Cover
The trials offer the only direct comparison between lines from the two main global cereal and pulse breeding centres, CIMMYT and ICARDA.. The subsequent data and the seed resulting from this testing is crucial to the continuing development of Australian wheat, durum, barley and chickpea industries.. The CAIGE tour team 2015 hits the road: (from left) Dr Karim Ammar (Borlaug Global Rust Initiative), Dr Amer Dababat (CIMMYT), Dr Wuletaw Tadesse (ICARDA), Dr Suchismita Mondal (CIMMYT), Dr Hans Braun (Consortium Research Program on Wheat) and Professor Richard Trethowan (Plant Breeding Institute)...
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Catalogue: Ground Cover
The trials offer the only direct comparison between lines from the two main global cereal and pulse breeding centres, CIMMYT and ICARDA.. The subsequent data and the seed resulting from this testing is crucial to the continuing development of Australian wheat, durum, barley and chickpea industries.. The CAIGE tour team 2015 hits the road: (from left) Dr Karim Ammar (Borlaug Global Rust Initiative), Dr Amer Dababat (CIMMYT), Dr Wuletaw Tadesse (ICARDA), Dr Suchismita Mondal (CIMMYT), Dr Hans Braun (Consortium Research Program on Wheat) and Professor Richard Trethowan (Plant Breeding Institute)...
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Catalogue: Ground Cover
The WGRC's role in the project is to identify traits that can assist hybrid wheat production and that are naturally available in grass species closely related to cultivated wheat... Bayer CropScience will work with WGRC researchers to develop a 'trait-discovery pipeline' for efficient hybrid wheat production using the university's genetic stocks... Dr Jesse Poland, adjunct assistant professor of agronomy, who leads the project, said climate models predicted that in regions such as South Asia, yield would decrease by 10 per cent for every 1 C rise in temperature...
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