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germplasm

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Catalogue: GRDC Research Summaries
International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT) and the International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA) germplasm has the potential to contribute significantly to the development of new wheat cultivars for Australian cultivation... The proposed project will cooperate directly with the proposed "Information Coordination/Communication", "Germplasm Evaluation" projects and the "CIMMYT Germplasm Selection and Export" project to ensure that only that germplasm specifically identified for evaluation and utilization in Australia is efficiently sourced from CIMMYT, fully documented, grown in approved post-entry quarantine facilities according to AQIS Import Permit requirements, and upon release from quarantine seed will be provided to the.. The bread wheat industry in Australia will benefit directly from the success of this project through the earlier and more efficient identification and introduction of the CIMMYT/ICARDA germplasm of most interest to Australian breeding programs...
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Catalogue: Ground Cover
An international germplasm evaluation program that has been delivering elite bread wheat germplasm for developing advanced new Australian wheat varieties is to be expanded to include durum wheat and barley... The germplasm is imported through the GRDC's CAIGE project that tests the material in Australian yield and disease trials... Since CAIGE uses in-kind contributions from breeding companies to run the majority of field trials, Dr Dieters has been negotiating with the main barley-breeding companies to establish a similar system to test future shipments of ICARDA barley...
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Catalogue: GRDC Final Reports
" Attachment 2 Project DAQ00015: Crop improvement of grain sorghum in Australia - core breeding Details of germplasm licensed... Some of the lines were licensed to multiple breeding programs with a total of 467 licenses being granted... Due to the long lead time of breeding processes all of the crosses that produced these lines were initiated prior to the commencement of DAQ00015 and fall under previous breeding projects for IP purposes (see Attachment 1 for commercialisation details)...
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Catalogue: GRDC Final Reports
Durum production in the southern region fell in the lead-up to this project... Samples from affected trials have been sent to a DNA laboratory for a quantitative assessment of fungal DNA. Irrespective of the mechanism, this germplasm appears to represent an improvement in field performance under disease pressure... Further research is required to complete this study and develop a more precise understanding of how the environment affects yellow pigment content...
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Catalogue: Ground Cover
Historic germplasm exchange to lift Australian oilseeds By Dr Gio Braidotti An historic research collaboration between India, China and Australia, in which oilseed germplasm has been exchanged, is giving Australian breeders unprecedented access to a range of advanced key traits for Australia's oilseed industries... The collaboration has overcome previously restricted access to genetic resources in India and China, allowing Australian breeders to now access germplasm with the potential to deliver traits such as increased tolerance to drought and to major diseases... But in other instances researchers are first checking that the lines give the same level of trait expression in Australian environments as they did in India or China prior to transfer...
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Catalogue: GRDC Final Reports
The genebanks are widely used nationally and internationally across many disciplines of science, meeting the requirements of both traditional and new users, for seed, data and agronomic and taxonomic knowledge of many thousands of species... The Davies Report, commissioned early in the life of this project, shows several studies over the years have attempted to quantify the benefits of plant breeding as measured by the benefit:cost ratios of new varieties... Built up progressively over the past 30 to 60 years, the genebanks represent an invaluable resource for plant research and improvement in Australia and internationally...
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Catalogue: GRDC Final Reports
DAQ00131 project activities aimed to: conserve tropical grains germplasm under long-term storage conditions; acquire new germplasm with unique traits of interest to clients (particularly to breeding programs); the maintenance of germplasm through viability testing and regeneration; and to increase awareness of the availability of tropical grains germplasm to clients... New project goals were to facilitate the creation of the national grains Genetic Resources Centre (GRC) and included training GRC staff in the use of GRIN-Global (GG), a software management system, so that grains data can be nationalised across Australia; and contribute to the action plan development for the relocation of tropical grains germplasm to both Tamworth and Horsham... The significant consultation and communication that the Biloela GRC staff undertook during the project have secured the conservation of two globally unique germplasm sets within the next project period...
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Catalogue: Broadacre Field Crops DAFF QLD
Every year the department's maize breeding program releases a new series of commercial inbred lines that can be used to produce commercial hybrids... It is important to develop germplasm that combines high yield potential and adequate disease resistance... The maize breeding program strives to develop germplasm with improved adaptation to such environments...
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Catalogue: Broadacre Field Crops DAFF QLD
Every year the department's maize breeding program releases a new series of commercial inbred lines that can be used to produce commercial hybrids... It is important to develop germplasm that combines high yield potential and adequate disease resistance... The maize breeding program strives to develop germplasm with improved adaptation to such environments...
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Catalogue: GRDC Final Reports
The project has ensured that the prior investment in barley breeding at the Department of Primary Industries (DPI) Horsham, Victoria (VIC) has not been lost in the transition to Barley Breeding Australia (BBA)... Germplasm from the project has demonstrated widespread adaptation across southern Australia, despite initial selection being conducted in a relatively small geographic area... Hindmarsh was not at a stage to be included in this project and has been lost, although some doubled haploid (DH) lines derived from the use of these parents were evaluated in the final year of this project with 20 lines progressing to the BBA nodes...
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