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GRDC 2014 Research Summaries

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" Diagnostic services for pulse germplasm enhancement and breeding programs.. Researcher's Name: Dr Angela Freeman Organisation: Victorian Department of Environment and Primary Industries Email: angela.freeman@depi.vic.gov.au Phone: 03 53622111 Fax: 03 53622111 Project Code: DAV00134 Contract Start: 7/1/2013 Contract End: 6/30/2018.. Research..
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Production of wheat is limited by many abiotic and biotic stresses... The project will consolidate initial achievements and aims to: i) Identify and develop high yielding, widely adapted germplasm with tolerance/resistance to terminal heat and drought stress ii) Transfer reputed heat and drought tolerance genes into Australian elite wheat backgrounds... iii) Identify potentially new sources of resistance to fungal diseases such as yellow rust and septoria, and incorporate those into adapted Australian genetic backgrounds to broaden the genetic base of resistance to diseases iv) Identify mo...
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Grain growers are experienced in management of farm chemicals, harvested grain and land resources that are core to their business... Grains industry leaders identified a need for industry to take further measuers to proactively demonstrate that growers are good stewards in their management of farm chemicals, grain products and land resources... The project will work with key specialists to prepare grain production stewardship modules that provide technical information to help grain growers and their advisers clearly understand and demonstrate their responsible handling and management of fa...
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Substantial wheat and barley crop losses due to frost are known to occur in each of the major cropping regions of Australia... Direct damage to plant tissues reduces yield affecting crops even when current best practice is followed... Allocation of finite frost research and management resources to maximise benefits to growers requires a scientifically-based, quantitative understanding of the economic impacts of frost in each Australian cropping zone and of the relative impacts caused by direct damage versus forgone yield potential in each case...
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For many growers, particularly in higher rainfall and irrigated areas, stubble can cause significant management issues that can affect their profitability... In the situations, many growers are forced to remove the stubble, principally through burning... Advances in machinery technology has meant there are alternative methods or practices that growers may employ to successfully retain stubble whilst minimising the issues that come with retaining stubbles...
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This project aims to generate and integrate molecular tools into lentil breeding programs for the fast delivery of superior varieties with better resistance/tolerance, yield and quality, to Australian growers... The project will contribute to the international lentil genome sequencing collaborative effort... The information generated from this project will be used by PBA breeders for rapid selection of superior germplasm and to understand genetic relationships...
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" Farm Business Management Updates in the Southern Region.. Farm decision-making has become increasingly complex as businesses strive to meet the challenges of managing production and financial risks in the face of ever-changing climatic, seasonal and marketing environments... The GRDC Farm Business Updates for Advisers and Growers provides a unique forum to learn from and network with leading growers and industry professionals...
The project will undertake a scoping study of current plant growth regulator (PGR) use and recommendations for R, D & E funding in the three GRDC agro-ecological regions... There can be a dichotomy between the scientific literature and the advice provided to growers on use of PGRs in crop management... Outputs of the project include the following: Literature review of current and previous research and development on the use of PGRs in crop management...
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Through a combination of detailed experiments and simulation modeling, the project will evaluate pre-breeding and commercial germplasm, and together make recommendations about how to best combine these traits to achieve higher yield in the major production regions... The second type of experiments, trait validation and modelling (MOD) trials, will utilize capabilities available at CSIRO and UQ for specific phenotyping of the traits in a small subset of lines (identified in the TD trials) with detailed observations to better understand trait responses and trait x trait interactions... Model...
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The germplasmwill be selected using expertise of breeders in both Australia and ICARDA to identify annually a targeted set of lines that encompass the desired set of traits and genes required to assist the ongoing development of improved cereal and pulse varieties for Australia The number of lines introduced will be 3736 bread wheats , 2416 durums , 1160 barleysand 2640 pulses... This will be made up of targeted breeding lines and FIGS ( Focussed Identification of Germplasm) sets consisting of lasndrace material... The FIGS ( Focussed Identification of Germplasm Strategy) sets will be sele...
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