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NUTRIENT UPTAKE -THE KEY TO DIFFERENTIATING FACT FROM FICTION Nutrient Uptake -the key to differentiating fact from fiction

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The structure of roots is a consequence of their primary functions- growing through an abrasive medium (the soil), acting as plumbing to absorb and transport water to the shoot, and actively and selectively absorbing essential nutrients such as mineral N (nitrate and ammonium), inorganic P and K. the structure of leaves is designed to absorb radiation for photosynthesis, regulate evaporative losses of water, act as a sink for nutrients and water transported from the root system, and produce carbohydrates from photosynthesis... The root surface comprises a layer of epidermal ('skin') cells (some with extensions or 'root hairs') that absorb water through their cell walls and cell membranes and which have specific sites where nutrient forms such as nitrate, ammonium, phosphate and potassium are bound onto 'carrier' molecules and transported across the cell membrane into the interior of the cell... Any so-called microbial activators or mineral-solubilising microorganisms are operating in a hostile environment full of competitors...