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Grains Notes DEPI VIC

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Triticale (genus X Triticosecale) is a cereal crop developed by human intervention from crosses between wheat (genus Triticum) and rye (genus Secale)... Triticale has an aggressive root system that binds light soils better than wheat, barley or oats... The Agnote was originally developed by Geoff Castleman, Mallee Research Station, May 1996, under the title of "Triticale: A cereal with many advantages"..
Vivid yellow flowers in spring make canola the most distinctive of Victoria's winter crops... Canola is grown for its seed which is crushed for the oil used in margarine, cooking oils, salad oils and edible oil blends... The area sown to canola depends on demand and prices in relation to other crop choices and factors such as the timing of the autumn break and the amount of moisture stored in the subsoil in low and medium rainfall zones...
GRDC Taxonomy:
The yellow dwarf diseases of cereals have now been divided into two groups, barley yellow dwarf virus (BYDV) and cereal yellow dwarf virus (CYDV)... Where resistant varieties are not an option the management of aphid activity in crops especially early in the season to prevent its spread and or delayed sowing to avoid the main aphid flights in the autumn can reduce YDV infection... Later sowing to avoid the main aphid flights will reduce the incidence of YDV but this needs to be weighed up against possible yield reduction from delayed sowing...
GRDC Taxonomy:
About 30 diseases of sunflowers have been recorded throughout the world; not all occur in Australia, and only six are of importance in Victoria... As the disease develops only the fibrous strands on the back of the head remain, and the seed-bearing face generally falls away under the weight of the seed... Charcoal rot - apparent after flowering; stems discoloured at base, very small sclerotia within pith..
GRDC Taxonomy:
" Growing Cereal Rye Note Number: AG0403 Published: September 1995 Reviewed: May 2013 For cropping farmers and students, a broad outline of the industry surrounding the minor crop, cereal rye, is discussed... Also presented are the agronomic techniques most frequently employed in growing cereal rye... Rye for grain is sown at the same time as wheat, oats or barley (May or June), although it is often sown first as rapid ground cover is normally desirable on the soils where it is sown...
GRDC Taxonomy:
Blackleg is potentially the most serious disease of canola and virtually wiped out the fledgling canola industry in the early 1970s... New technology means the disease can now be managed successfully... An overview of blackleg management is presented...
Blackleg is potentially the most serious disease of canola and virtually wiped out the fledgling canola industry in the early 1970s... New technology means the disease can now be managed successfully... An overview of blackleg management is presented...
The zero or very low tolerance levels at receival centres can make diseased grain only saleable as low value stock feed... Infection of seedlings is favoured by earlier sowing as the fungus prefers drier soils and temperatures of 15-21 C. The fungus grows systemically within the plant, usually without producing symptoms, and then it replaces the young grain with its own spores... Covered smut of barley can be effectively controlled by using fungicide seed treatments every year...
GRDC Taxonomy:
Sclerotinia (white mould) is an occasional disease of chickpea which can cause significant crop losses in eastern Australia... Seed infected with sclerotinia is the source of establishing the disease in otherwise sclerotinia-free areas... Fig 1.Early symptoms of plants affected by sclerotinia...
GRDC Taxonomy:
The Agriculture Note provides information on the importance, symptoms, and biology of pepper spot, common leaf spot, Stemphylium leaf spot, Stagonospora leaf spot, downy mildew and rust in lucerne... Pepper spot, caused by the fungus Leptosphaerulina trifolii , is one of the most common diseases on lucerne, but usually does not cause serious herbage losses... Host Range: Uromyces striatus occurs on lucerne, medics and sweet clover...
GRDC Taxonomy:

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